Baptists and Methodist revivals were successful in some parts of the Tidewater in the South, where an increasing number of common planters, plain folkand slaves were converted. Some scholars, however, disagree that this movement was ever a significant event.
The stage was set for a renewal of faith, and in the late s, a revival began to take root as preachers altered their messages and reemphasized concepts of Calvinism.
A Third Great Awakening was said to span from the late s to the early 20th century. Ever since those days, both Awakenings have provided an enduring legacy for modern evangelicalism.
The Second Great Awakening is characterized by its stressing Arminianism rather than Calvinism, and its encouragement of revivalistic and democratic theology, which were seen to be essential ingredients in the shaping of American Protestantism.
The Methodists had an efficient organization that depended on itinerant ministers, known as circuit riders, who sought out people in remote frontier locations.
This duty extended beyond American borders to include Christian Restorationism. Rationalist ideas had softened the older orthodoxy.
The 2nd Great Awakening was a reaction to growing liberalism in religion. Whitefield and Edwards believed churches should be organized to be entirely distinct from New England governments.
It started on the Southern frontier, and soon spread to the Northeast.
These often provided the first encounter for some settlers with organized religion, and they were important as social venues. This was made up of non-denominational churches committed to what they saw as the original, fundamental Christianity of the New Testament.
New Lights Not everyone embraced the ideas of the Great Awakening. In addition to these causes, reforms touched nearly every aspect of daily life, such as restricting the use of tobacco and dietary and dress reforms.
Methodists and Baptists gained the most conversions from this Awakening. The circuit riders came from among the common people, which helped them establish rapport with the frontier families they hoped to convert. Background[ edit ] Like the First Great Awakening a half century earlier, the Second reflected Romanticism characterized by enthusiasm, emotion, and an appeal to the super-natural.
Cane Ridge was also instrumental in fostering what became known as the Restoration Movement. His style was charismatic, theatrical and expressive. What was the Second Great Awakening? He also preached justification by faith alone. Whitefield arrived in Georgia inand returned in for a second visit of the Colonies, making a "triumphant campaign north from Philadelphia to New York, and back to the South".
More emotion in religion. The Second in some ways revealed separations within the country. The center of revivalism was the so-called Burned-over district in western New York.
Edwards is credited for inspiring hundreds of conversions, which he documented in a book, Narratives of Surprising Conversions. Most of the Scots-Irish immigrants before the American Revolutionary War settled in the backcountry of Pennsylvania and down the spine of the Appalachian Mountains.Differences between the First & Second Great Awakening Commonalities: • Shared experience in the colonies/United States • Marked by revivals and emphasis on morality/religious teaching.
The Second Great Awakening was a religious revival that occurred in the United States beginning in the late eighteenth century and lasting until the middle of. What was the Second Great Awakening?" Answer: The First Great Awakening (c.
) and the Second Great Awakening (c) were theologically significant in that they helped to shape Christian thinking by the intense revivalism they created. The Significant Relationship Between the First Awakening and the Second Great Awakening First Great Awakening: ss The Great Awakening started when religion had cooled down, due to the droning preachers and increasing liberalism in congregations, new ideas like the Arminians (free will, not predestination) began to form.
Start studying First Awakening vs Second Great Awakening.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century in the United States.
The movement began aroundgained momentum by and, aftermembership rose rapidly among Baptist and Methodist congregations whose preachers led the movement.Download